2008 Inductees to National Inventors Hall of Fame.
The National Inventors Hall of Fame (NIHF) announced this past week the 2008 class of inductees. Founded in 1973 by the USPTO and the National Council of Intellectual Property Law Associations, the Hall of Fame presently administers such national programs as the Camp Invention® and Club Invention® programs, the Invent Now® initiative, and the Collegiate Inventors Competition®.
To qualify for the Hall of Fame, an inventor must hold a U.S. patent, and the invention “must have contributed to the welfare of mankind and have promoted the progress of science and the useful arts.”
The formal inductions into the Hall of Fame will occur on May 2-3 in Akron, Ohio.
Among the 2008 class of inductees are:
Robert Adler (1913 – 2007) Television remote control
Adler invented the first practical wireless remote control for television while at Zenith.
Ruth Benerito (1916 – ) Wrinkle-free cotton
Changing the textile industry forever with her invention of easy-care cotton, Benerito developed the idea by linking together cellulose chains in cotton while working for the USDA.
Amar Bose (1929 – ) Audio technology
Bose has introduced a variety of products through his company, including the 901® Direct/Reflecting speaker system, customized sound systems for automobiles, and active noise-reducing headphones.
John Charnley (1911 – 1982) Hip replacement surgery
A British orthopedic surgeon, Charnley developed the hip replacement procedure that has allowed many patients to enjoy a better quality of life.
Willem Einthoven (1860 – 1927) Electrocardiograph
Einthoven’s invention made it possible to record the electrical current of the human heart.
Calvin Fuller (1902 – 1994), Gerald Pearson (1905 – 1987), Daryl Chapin (1906 – 1995)
Silicon Solar Cell
While at Bell Labs, this trio developed the first practical means of collecting energy from the sun and turning it into a current of electricity.
Nick Holonyak (1928 – ) LED
Nick Holonyak is best known for inventing the first visible light-emitting diodes (LED). His work is also responsible for the technology used to develop red lasers in CD and DVD players.
Erna Hoover (1926 – ) Computerized telephone switching
Hoover’s invention, created while she was at Bell Labs, made it possible to monitor the frequency of incoming calls and adjust the call acceptance rate, eliminating the danger of an overload in processing calls. It was the first reliable switching system to use computer techniques.
Amos Joel (1918 – ) Switching concept for cellular phones
Retired from Bell Labs, Joel created a switching concept making cell phone use practical by maintaining continuity of service as ongoing calls were transferred from one cell region to another.
Clarence “Kelly” Johnson (1910 – 1990) Aircraft
Heading the team at Lockheed Martin’s Skunkworks, Johnson played a leading role in the design of more than 40 aircrafts and holds patents for the first U.S.A. production jet fighter and the first U.S.A. Mach 2 fighter.
Ray McIntire (1918 – 1996) Styrofoam® brand foam
McIntire, a Dow chemist, created Styrofoam® brand foam, commonly used as building insulation. Polystyrene foam has also given rise to dozens of everyday objects like coolers, coffee cups, packing insulation and more.
Malcom McLean (1913 – 2001) Containerized shipping
McLean’s invention revolutionized cargo handling by eliminating the tedious process of loading, unloading and reloading. He created a cargo box that could be handled interchangeably by any carrier including truck, rail or cargo ship.
Harold McMaster (1916 – 2003) Tempered glass
McMaster developed a machine to carry out the process of tempering glass. The process compresses the glass, adding tensile strength, and leaves the glass with no sharp edges if broken.
William Murphy, Jr. (1923 – ) Medical devices
Murphy’s many successful medical devices include disposable medical procedure trays, blood bags, physiologic cardiac pacemakers, angiographic injectors, and hollow fiber artificial kidneys.
He was also the founder of Cordis Corp.
David Pall (1914 – 2004) Filtration
Pall, founder of the Pall Corp., is well known for his leukocyte reduction filter that has become a standard in transfusion medicine. He also made many other types of filters perform very specific tasks, including filters for critical aircraft systems and nylon filters that prevent bacteria from contaminating pharmaceuticals.
Kenneth Richardson (1939 – ) Fluconazole (Anti-Fungal Drug)
Richardson’s work at Pfizer in England has saved the lives of millions around the world by treating transplant recipients, burn victims, chemotherapy patients, AIDS patients, and others with weakened immune systems that make them targets of deadly fungal diseases.